Tana Toraja is most well known for its elaborate funeral ceremonies that can take days and involve entire villages. These are not only moments for mourning but are moreover events to renew family ties and to ensure continued unity among villages and communities. Death ceremonies, however, are held only after the last rice harvest is in and cleared, which is normally between July to September, while ceremonies celebrating life are held in conjunction with the planting season which starts in October. These timings are possible since the dead are not buried immediately but are kept for months, sometimes for years, in the ancestral house until time and funds allow for a proper funeral.
Since the 14th. century Makassar was already known as a thriving sea port where merchant vessels from far away China, India and Cambodia called regularly to trade in silks, tea and porcelain in exchange for cloves, nutmeg and pearls from the Moluccas and gold and forest products from Makassar and its hinterland. Bugis, Makassar and Mandar ethnic groups, known for their seafaring prowess and boat building skills, had already developed powerful kingdoms that encouraged trade, fishery, rice cultivation as well as literature and the arts.
Makassar formerly called Ujung Pandang, the Capital of South Sulawesi, a central location in the Indonesian archipelago and the largest city in east Indonesia.
Other places; Fort rotterdam, Losari Beach, Parangloe Warterfall, Bissapu Waterfall, Bantimurung Waterfall, Tanjung Bira Beach, Selayar Island, Takabonerate National Park, Londa, Palopo, Pare-pare, Karst Bantimurung, Bantaeng, Bulukumba, Sinjae, Gowa, etc.